• Understand the nature and basic concepts of physics and it’s different branches
• Application of fundamental principles to particular areas. These include nuclear physics,particle physics, condensed matter physics, electronics, thermodynamics etc.
• Develop skills to engage in lifelong learning through continuing  education and research .

COURSE OUTCOMES
(MAJOR)
PHYM-101 (Mechanics and properties of matter)
• Understand the concept of frames of reference and distinguish between inertial and non-inertial  frames
• Understand Galilean relativity and Calculate/predict the transformation of space and time in Galilean relativity.
• Define angular momentum and calculate the same for a body or system about their center-of-mass and apply the law of conservation of angular momentum to relevant problems.
• Define and Understand the nature of
• Conservative force
• Central force
• State and explain the Kepler’s law of planetary motion
• Define and explain gravitational field and gravitational potential derive relations connecting them and calculate them for different sources like a solid sphere or hollow sphere.
• Understand and explain the dynamics of collisions between two (or more) bodies in L- and C- frames.
• Acquire the general ideas underlying the study of classical mechanics
• Understand and explain constrained motion of bodies and express constrained motion of bodies and constraints of motion as functions of space and time coordinates
• Understand and appreciate the advantages and use of generalized coordinates in mechanics
• Explain the concept and D'Alembert's principle of virtual work
• Apply Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations to study and solve problems in classical mechanics like simple harmonic oscillator, simple and compound pendulums etc.
• Understand and explain the nature of rotating frames and fictitious forces
• Define elastic and plastic nature of materials and different elastic constants
• Distinguish between and arrange elastic and plastic materials depending on their stress-strain graphs
• Explain how elastic constants are linked to each other
• Measure elastic constants using experimental techniques
• Define and explain the phenomenon of surface tension in liquids and the energy associated with surface films.
• Explain the phenomenon of liquid rising in capillary tubes.

   Units:   4
Total Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
Total no. of Lectures:   50
PHYM-202 ( Thermal Physics, waves and Oscillations)

• State the basic postulates of the kinetic theory of gases
• Define mean  free path, Avogadro’s number, coefficients of expansion and compressibility of gases
• Explain transport phenomena in fluids (like viscosity, conduction and diffusion)
• Explain the phenomenon of brownian motion in gases
• Distinguish between ideal and real gases based on changes in their behaviors resulting from changes in thermodynamic parameters
• Derive equations of state for ideal and real gases

• State the laws of thermodynamics and relate them to the fundamental conservation laws.
• Explain the concept of absolute zero and thermodynamic temperature scale
• Define internal energy and entropy of a thermodynamic system
• Understand and explain the interconversion of mechanical work and energy during a thermodynamic process
• Demonstrate graphically different thermodynamic processes and cycles using indicator diagrams and hence calculate the work done and efficiency of heat engines.

• Define a blackbody and blackbody radiation
• State the classical laws governing blackbody radiation and apply them to relevant numerical problems.
• Explain ultraviolet catastrophe and emergence of the quantum theory of blackbody radiation.
• Understand the types of mechanical waves
• Identify waves as transverse / longitudinal and stationary / progressive
• Express waves as periodic functions of space and time
• Calculate velocity of waves in a solid/fluid medium
• Analyse superposition of waves using Lissajous figures
• Understand, explain, derive expressions free, forced and damped oscillations and b them in nature.

Units:   4
Total  Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
Total no. of Lectures:   50
PHYM-301 (Optics)
• Define aberrations produced in lenses and explain their origin.
• Identify the different types of aberrations in an image and classify them as chromatic or Siedel
• Understand the different eyepiece designs and Choose the right eyepiece based on their merits/demerits and priorities.
• Understand and explain using appropriate diagrams and the design and working of different telescope and microscope designs.
• Acquire the basic concepts of physical optics (wave optics) and relate it to geometrical optics
• Understand, define and identify the phenomena of interference and diffraction of light and their types.
• Distinguish between interference and diffraction
• Explain the young’s double slit experiment and appreciate its historical significance
• Produce interference patterns using Lloyd's mirror, Newton’s rings, Fresnel’s biprism methods
• Explain the working of interferometers (Michelson, Jamin’s and Fabry-Perrot) and their use in determining wavelengths of light.
• Discuss the intensity distribution pattern shown by the phenomena diffraction and polarization
• Understand, explain and demonstrate the different techniques used to produce polarised light
• Explain optical rotation and different types of polarimeters.
• Discuss normal and anomalous dispersion

        Units:   4
        Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
        Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-302 (Electricity and Magnetism)
• Acquire the basic ideas of vector calculus
• State the fundamental laws governing electrostatic forces and interactions between charged particles and calculate the electric fields produced by various discrete and continuous charge distributions.
• Calculate the capacitance of capacitors depending on their shapes and sizes.
• State the Kirchhoff's laws of current electricity and apply them to different electric circuits.
• Understand and explain the construction and working of various galvanometers
• Acquire knowledge of methods for measuring high resistances and low emfs.
• Explain the different thermodynamic processes
• Arrange metals in order of seebeck coefficients
• Explain the growth and decay of current in LR, RC and RLC circuits analytically and graphically and compute time constants.
• Analyse the magnetic field produced by current flowing through coils and solenoids
• State the Gauss’ law in magnetism and explain its implications
• Define the terms magnetic permeability, susceptibility, magnetization and magnetic intensity and derive relations connecting them.
• Understand and explain the phenomena of para-, dia- and ferromagnetism and list different materials as para-, dia- and ferromagnetic.
• State the laws governing the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
• Explain how Lenz’s law is a manifestation of the law of conservation of energy
• Define the coefficients of self and mutual inductance and calculate the same for different coils
• Understand the design and working of AC and DC devices (motors, generators and transformers)
• Define peak value, rms value and average value of alternating current and emf
• Analyse the flow of AC through purely resistive, purely capacitive, purely inductive, LR series,RC series, LC, RLC series and RLC parallel circuits and compute power dissipation, power factor and phase differences.
• Measure self inductance and mutual inductance by different methods

          Units:   4
         Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-303 (Laboratory)
• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of optics and Mechanics
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
         Total no. of allocated experiments:   6
         Total  Marks:    40+10 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
PHYM-401 (Mathematical Physics -I)
After successful completion of this course the students are expected to
• Understand the concepts of scalar and vector fields
• Understand the physical significance gradients of scalar point functions and divergence and curl of vector point functions and calculate them.
• Acquire the knowledge of line, surface and volume integrals of vector point functions and compute them
• Convert cartesian coordinates to curvilinear coordinates and vice-versa
• Define Tensors and appreciate their importance in the study of physics
• Define various kinds of tensors and their physical significance
• Apply transformation rules and perform calculations on tensors
• Define a matrix and its different types
• Solve simultaneous equations using matrix formulation
• Understand the concepts of variational calculus and solve specific problems in physics involving calculus of variations.
            Units:   4
           Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
           Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-402 (Quantum Mechanics)
• Summarise the inadequacies of classical mechanics that led to the development of quantum mechanics
• Understand the concept of wave-particle duality and related concepts
• Describe the important experiments like Davisson-Germer experiment, Gamma ray microscope experiment and Young’s double slit experiment using electron beams and interpret their results.
• Understand the concept of wave packet and explain the physical significance of wave function
• Apply Schrödinger's equation to solve simple problems
• Understand and apply the operators and operator formalism quantum mechanics

          Units:   3
         Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
         Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-403 (Laboratory-II)
• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of optics and Mechanics
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
           Total no. of allocated experiments:   6
          Total  Marks:    40+10 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
PHYM-501 (Mathematical Physics-II)
• Define a differential equation
• Classify different types of differential equations
• Solve ordinary differential equations of first and second order using different methods
• Solve problems involving special functions like Legendre’s polynomials, beta, gamma and error functions
• Define complex variable, complex function and complex plane
• Define an analytic function,  calculate singularities and check whether a function is analytic or not
• Define fourier series
• Determine fourier coefficients and apply fourier analysis to solve problems in physics
           Units:   3
          Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-502 (Electrodynamics and Special Theory or Relativity)
• Understand the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
• Derive the Maxwell’s wave equations governing electromagnetic fields and forces.
• Understand and explain the physical significance of scalar and vector electromagnetic field potentials
• Explain the cause of radiations emitted by accelerated electric monopoles and dipoles
• Analyse the propagation of electromagnetic waves through free space or material medium
• Explain the polarisation of electromagnetic waves and their reflection and refraction at a plane surface
• Describe the Michelson-Morley experiment and the consequent development of Einstein’s special theory of relativity
• State the postulates of Einstein’s special theory of relativity
• Calculate length contraction, time dilation, relativistic mass and mass-energy interconversions

        Units:   3
        Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
        Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-503 (Atomic and Molecular Physics)
• Explain the development of the quantum theory and Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom
• Understand the designation of spectral term symbols
• Describe the vector atom model and determine the spectral terms arising from L-S coupling and j-j coupling of electrons
• Explain the origin of fine structure of hydrogen spectra and doublet spectra of sodium atom
• Define gyromagnetic ratio and Lande’s ‘g’ factor
• Describe and compare the effects of weak and strong magnetic and electric fields on atomic spectra
• Define molecular spectra and list its different types
• Describe Rayleigh and Raman scattering and Raman effect
• Acquire basic concepts of laser and its common types
        Units:   3
       Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
        Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-504 (Electronics)
After successful completion of this course the students are expected to be able to:
• Differentiate between conductors, semiconductors and insulators on the basis of band theory of solids
• Define intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
• Describe the processes involving production of p-type and n-type extrinsic semiconductors
• List the different types of pn-junction diodes and transistors and their electrical and thermal characteristics
• Design and analyse different rectifier, amplifier and oscillator circuits
• Acquire basic ideas of integrated circuits and their fabrication processes
• Design circuits to perform certain mathematical operations
• Understand the basics of digital electronics and boolean algebra
• Design and analyse logic circuits

           Units:   4
          Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-505 (Laboratory-III)

• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of electronics,heat and thermodynamics, mechanics, optics, electricity
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
         Total no. of allocated experiments:   10
          Total  Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
PHYM-601 (Statistical Mechanics)
• State the postulates of classical statistical mechanics
• Explain the concepts of different ensembles
• Define entropy from the point of statistical mechanics
• Define equilibrium condition, partition function and thermodynamic variables and calculate the partition function in simple cases.
• Explain the limitations of classical statistical mechanics and state the postulates of quantum statistical mechanics
• Derive the Fermi-dirac and Bose-Einstein distribution functions and their relate them with the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function
• Apply Fermi-Dirac statistics and Bose-Einstein statistics to study the cases of white dwarf stars and phenomenon of Bose-Einstein condensation
           Units:   4
          Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40


PHYM-602 (Condensed Matter Physics)
• Explain basic ideas of lattice and crystals, primitive lattice vectors, translational lattice vectors , unit vectors, two and three dimensional Bravais lattices, wigner- Seitz cell, Miller indices
• Discuss some simple crystal structures ( SC, BCC, FCC, HCP etc)
• Discuss reciprocal lattice and its different properties, Brillouin zones,  Bragg’s diffraction condition and Ewald sphere.
• State electrical and thermal conductivity of metals and explain different theories (classical and quantum) related to electrical and thermal conductivity.
• Explain different types of bands present in solids and classify different solids on the basis of band theory.
• Discuss Kronig penny model and its important conclusions and the concept of effective mass
• Discuss different types of semiconductors and explain the conductivity of semiconductors  in terms of mobility
• Explain the electrical and magnetic properties of superconductors , Meissner effect ,  types of  superconductors and their  different applications
           Units:   3
          Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYM-603 (Nuclear Physics)
• Describe the history of development of the present model of atomic nucleus
• Describe the methods probing the nuclear structure of atoms
• List quantum numbers of individual nucleus and quantum properties nuclear states
• Define nuclear angular momentum, nuclear magnetic dipole moment, binding energy of nucleus, mass defect, packing fraction and disintegration energy
• Discuss the liquid drop model and shell model of a nucleus
• Explain the mechanisms of nuclear reactions and processes such as spontaneous or induced radioactivity and nuclear fission and fusion
• Describe the design and working of particle accelerators, list their uses and choose the right kind based on their advantages and limitations
• Define and identify elementary particles
• Describe the discovery of cosmic rays
• Acquire basic ideas of leptons, quarks and gauge bosons

          Units:   4
          Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40


* PHYM-604(A) (Astrophysics and Particle Physics)
• Discuss basic concepts of astronomy and astrophysics and working principle of different optical telescopes
• Demonstrate an understanding of the basic properties of the Sun and other stars
• Explain stellar evolution, including red giants, super  giants using evidence and presently accepted theories;
• Detail the main features and formation theories of the various types of observed galaxies, in particular the Milky Way;
• Explain the evolution of the expanding Universe using concepts of the Big Bang and observational evidence
• Discuss different types of elementary particles, their intrinsic properties and different types of conservation laws
• Explain four fundamental forces, quarks and gluons

            Units:   6
           Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
           Total no. of Lectures:   40
* PHYM-604(B) (Space and Atmospheric Physics)
• Understand the composition and dynamics of atmosphere
• List the layers constituting the ionosphere
• Understand the solar activities and their effects on earth
          Units:   3
         Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40
* PHYM-604(C) (Laser and its Applications)
After successful completion of this course the students are expected to be able to:
• Understand the theory and methods of producing lasers
• Describe different types of laser systems
• Define intensity, monochromaticity and coherence (spatial and temporal) of lasers
• List and Describe the uses of lasers

         Units:   5
         Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
         Total no. of Lectures:   40
* PHYM-604(D) (Material Science and Nanomaterials)
• Understand the need of classification of materials from engineering point of view
• Classify engineering materials as organic, inorganic and biological
• Acquire basic ideas about advanced and smart materials
• Select the right materials for a given purpose based on their properties
• Acquire basic ideas about nanostructured materials like quantum dots, quantum wires and carbon nanotubes and list their industrial applications
• Describe the processes involved in synthesis of nanostructured materials
• Describe the methods used for characterisation of nanostructured materials

         Units:   4
         Total  Marks:    60+15 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
         Total no. of Lectures:   40
* PHYM-605(Laboratory)
• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of electricity and electronics.
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
Total no. of experiments:   10
Total  Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)

COURSE OUTCOMES
(CORE)
PHYG-101 (Mechanics and Thermodynamics)
• State and Explain the law of conservation of linear and angular momentum of a system of particles
• Define and explain Moment of inertia of a rigid body  and calculate its value for different body  shapes ( like  solid sphere, hollow sphere,rectangular lamina).
• Acquire the general ideas underlying the study of classical mechanics
• Understand and explain constrained motion of bodies and express constrained motion of bodies and constraints of motion as functions of space and time coordinates
• Understand and appreciate the advantages and use of generalized coordinates in mechanics
• Explain the concept and D'Alembert's principle of virtual work
• Apply Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations to study and solve problems in classical mechanics like simple harmonic oscillator, simple pendulum etc.
• Define elastic and plastic nature of materials and different elastic constants
• Distinguish between and arrange elastic and plastic materials depending on their stress-strain graphs
• Explain how elastic constants are linked to each other
• Measure elastic constants using experimental techniques
• Define and explain the phenomenon of surface tension in liquids and the energy associated with surface films.
• Explain the phenomenon of liquid rising in capillary tubes.
• State the laws of thermodynamics and relate them to the fundamental conservation laws.
• Explain the concept of absolute zero and thermodynamic temperature scale
• Define internal energy and entropy of a thermodynamic system
• Understand and explain the interconversion of mechanical work and energy during a thermodynamic process
• Demonstrate graphically different thermodynamic processes and cycles using indicator diagrams and hence calculate the work done and efficiency of heat engines.
• Define a blackbody and blackbody radiation
• State the classical laws governing blackbody radiation and apply them to relevant numerical problems.
• Explain ultraviolet catastrophe and emergence of the quantum theory of blackbody radiation.

         Units:   5
        Total  Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
        Total no. of Lectures:   50
PHYG-201 (Optics)
• Define aberrations produced in lenses and explain their origin.
• Identify the different types of aberrations in an image and classify them as chromatic and monochromatic aberrations
• Understand the different eyepiece designs and Choose the right eyepiece based on their merits/demerits and priorities.
• Understand and explain  working of different telescope and microscope designs.
• Acquire the basic concepts of physical optics (wave optics) and relate it to geometrical optics
• Understand, define and identify the phenomena of interference and diffraction of light and their types.
• Distinguish between interference and diffraction
• Explain the young’s double slit experiment and appreciate its historical significance
• Produce interference patterns using Lloyd's mirror, Newton’s rings, Fresnel’s biprism methods
• Discuss the intensity distribution pattern shown by the phenomena diffraction and polarization
• Understand, explain and demonstrate the different techniques used to produce polarised light
• Explain optical rotation and different types of polarimeters.

Units:   3
Total  Marks:    56+14 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
Total no. of Lectures:   40

PHYG-202 (Laboratory)
After successful completion of this course the students are expected to
• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of optics , Mechanics, Electricity and Magnetism.
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
           Total no. of allocated experiments:   10
          Total  Marks:    24+6 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
PHYG-301 (Electricity, Magnetism and electromagnetic Theory)
• Acquire the basic ideas of vector calculus
• State the fundamental laws governing electrostatic forces and interactions between charged particles and calculate the electric fields produced by various discrete and continuous charge distributions.
• Calculate the capacitance of capacitors depending on their shapes and sizes.
• Explain the growth and decay of current in LR, RC and RLC circuits analytically and graphically and compute time constants.
• Analyse the magnetic field produced by current flowing through coils and solenoids
• State the Gauss’ law in magnetism and explain its implications
• Define the terms magnetic permeability, susceptibility, magnetization and magnetic intensity and derive relations connecting them.
• Understand and explain the phenomena of para-, dia- and ferromagnetism and list different materials as para-, dia- and ferromagnetic.
• State the laws governing the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction
• Explain how Lenz’s law is a manifestation of the law of conservation of energy
• Define the coefficients of self and mutual inductance
• Derive the Maxwell’s wave equations governing electromagnetic fields and forces.
• Understand and explain the physical significance of scalar and vector potentials
• Understand the types of mechanical waves
• Identify waves as transverse / longitudinal and stationary / progressive
• Express waves as periodic functions of space and time
• Calculate velocity of waves in a solid/fluid medium
• Analyse superposition of waves using Lissajous figures
• Understand, explain, derive expressions for free, forced and damped oscillations
          Units:   4
         Total  Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
         Total no. of Lectures:   50
PHYG-401 (Quantum Mechanics and Mathematical Physics)
• Summarise the inadequacies of classical mechanics that led to the development of quantum mechanics
• Understand the concept of wave-particle duality and related concepts
• Describe the important experiments like Davisson-Germer experiment, Gamma ray microscope experiment and Young’s double slit experiment using electron beams and interpret their results.
• Understand the concept of wave packet and explain the physical significance of wave function
• Apply Schrödinger's equation to solve simple problems
• Understand and apply the operators and operator formalism quantum mechanics
• Understand the concepts of scalar and vector fields
• Understand the physical significance gradients of scalar point functions and divergence and curl of vector point functions and calculate them.
• Acquire the knowledge of line, surface and volume integrals of vector point functions and compute them
• Define a differential equation
• Classify different types of differential equations
• Solve ordinary differential equations of first and second order using different methods

            Units:   4
           Total  Marks:    56+14 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
           Total no. of Lectures:   40

        PHYG-402 (Laboratory-II)
• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of optics,Electronics,mechanics, and  heat
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
Total no. of allocated experiments:   9
Total  Marks:    24+6 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
 
PHYG-501 (Atomic and Nuclear Physics)
• Explain the development of the quantum theory and Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom
• Understand the designation of spectral term symbols
• Describe the vector atom model and determine the spectral terms arising from L-S coupling and j-j coupling of electrons
• Explain the origin of fine structure of hydrogen spectra and doublet spectra of sodium atom
• Define gyromagnetic ratio and Lande’s ‘g’ factor
• Describe and compare the effects of weak and strong magnetic and electric fields on atomic spectra
• Describe the history of development of the present model of atomic nucleus
• Describe the methods probing the nuclear structure of atoms
• List quantum numbers of individual nucleus and quantum properties nuclear states
• Define nuclear angular momentum, nuclear magnetic dipole moment, binding energy of nucleus, mass defect, packing fraction and disintegration energy
• Discuss the liquid drop model and shell model of a nucleus
• Explain the mechanisms of nuclear reactions and processes such as spontaneous or induced radioactivity and nuclear fission and fusion
• Describe the design and working of particle accelerators

           Units:   3
          Total  Marks:    80+20 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   50

PHYG-601 (Electronics and solid state physics)
• Differentiate between conductors, semiconductors and insulators on the basis of band theory of solids
• Define intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
• Describe the processes involving production of p-type and n-type extrinsic semiconductors
• List the different types of pn-junction diodes and transistors and their electrical and thermal characteristics
• Design and analyse different rectifier, amplifier and oscillator circuits
• Explain basic ideas of lattice and crystals, primitive lattice vectors, translational lattice vectors , unit vectors, two and three dimensional Bravais lattices, wigner- Seitz cell, Miller indices
• Discuss some simple crystal structures ( SC, BCC, FCC, HCP etc)
• Discuss reciprocal lattice and its different properties, Brillouin zones,  Bragg’s diffraction condition and Ewald sphere.
• State electrical and thermal conductivity of metals and explain different theories (classical and quantum) related to electrical and thermal conductivity.
• Explain different types of bands present in solids and classify different solids on the basis of band theory.
• Explain the electrical and magnetic properties of superconductors , Meissner effect ,  types of  superconductors and their  different applications

          Units:   4
          Total  Marks:    56+14 (Theory + Internal Assessment)
          Total no. of Lectures:   40
PHYG-602(Laboratory)
• To enhance the learning of scientific knowledge in the field of optics ande mechanics.
• Give insight into scientific method and develop expertise in using it
           Total no. of allocated experiments:  8
          Total  Marks:    24+6 (Theory + Internal Assessment)

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